Click for the Us Ignite FAQ pdf
US Ignite was initiated with leadership from the National Science Foundation in response to the Administration’s call to ensure all Americans have access to the information and tools necessary to thrive in a 21 st -century economy.
The US Ignite Initiative has three primary components: 1) leveraging investments in advanced networks such as GENI, 2) jumpstarting public sector gigabit applications and services, and 3) launching the US Ignite Partnership, an independent nonprofit responsible for convening the private sector.
NSF is funding the GENI prototype network as well as its expansions within and across campuses; the Mozilla competitions and prizes; and the new public sector applications and service deployments. The US Ignite Partnership is an independent organization, which receives funding from its partner companies, such as Juniper, Cisco, Verizon, and Comcast.
The Global Environment for Network Innovations, or GENI, is an NSF-funded mid-scale infrastructure project. It is a unique, virtual laboratory for at-scale networking experimentation, supporting at-scale experimentation on shared, heterogeneous, highly instrumented infrastructure. The GENI infrastructure: - Allows for deep programmability throughout the network, promoting innovations in network science, security, technologies, services and applications; and - Provides collaborative and exploratory environments for academia, industry and the public to catalyze groundbreaking discoveries and innovation.
US Ignite is not a part of GENI, but the two efforts and activities are related. Ignite is leveraging NSF investments in the GENI network to expand GENI capabilities and build out additional test beds in places beyond University campuses where entrepreneurs, open source developers, and citizens can use it to experiment on future applications and services.
The four most important technical parts of GENI include:
● High Symmetric Bandwidth
● Software-Defined Networking and OpenFlow
● Distributed Cloud Resources (GENI Racks)
● Virtual Networks and Programmable Slices and Access to Advanced Resources
High symmetric bandwidth allows for things like uncompressed high definition video transmission - which has huge advantages over the IP-based transmission commonly used, and minimizes delays in things like video conferencing. For truly interactive experiences, uncompressed video with its high bandwidth requirements is best, and we expect a number of Ignite applications to use uncompressed video in one form or another.
The next-generation Internet will take advantage of Software Defined Networks, which takes the “intelligence” of routing data out of the switches and routers on shelves, and puts more of it into the cloud. SDN tricks servers into thinking that they've got network gear all to themselves, configured exactly the way they like it, when they are really sharing that gear with other servers. More servers can share less network gear and they can also be moved around easier -- a big plus for applications like cloud computing.
Distributed Cloud Resources (e.g., GENI racks) are a kind of cloud computing in which the cloud is itself distributed throughout the network. This has distinct advantages including pre-staging information where it’s needed, processing data traffic more locally, and dramatically improving responsiveness while reducing latency.
The GENI project has the ability to create Virtual Networks tailored to match specific advanced applications as well as provide unique Access to Advanced Resources, such as advanced computational, sensor, storage and data resources provided by the owners and operators of new technology.
In GENI terminology, the collection of network, distributed, and advanced resources available in a virtual network to an application is called a “slice.” Slices are an important concept because they can be thought of as the delivery mechanism for an application.
US Ignite is not building a broadband network or creating new infrastructure; rather, it is leveraging existing infrastructure and giving it new capabilities. Specifically, US Ignite is partnering with commercial providers, communities, and research and education networks (RENs) that can offer 100MB+ broadband networks and is encouraging them to create GENIenabled test beds within their service areas.